Astrobiology is the study of the origins, evolution, distribution, and future of life in the universe. It is an interdisciplinary field that requires biology, geology, chemistry, astronomy and planetary scientists to work together.
In 2008, the NASA Astrobiology Roadmap defined the main research goals of Astrobiology. Check the Astrobiology RoadMap. In 2016, the European Astrobiology RoadMap was born – or AstRoMap – produced through the European Commission-funded AstRoMap project (2013-2015). It is a guide for astrobiology research at the European Level. Check AstRoMap.
One of the main goals of Astrobiology is to Understand the evolutionary mechanisms and environmental limits of life. Determine the molecular, genetic, and biochemical mechanisms that control and limit evolution, metabolic diversity, and acclimatization of life. It is here that Space Microbiology finds its place.